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Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders

TMJ dysfunction (TMD) causes pain and tenderness in your jaw joints and surrounding muscles and ligaments.

Causes include teeth grinding,jaw injuries,arthritis and everyday wear and tear.

TMJ treatment varies from person to person and may include physical therapy, medication, custom mouth guards and jaw surgery.

What is TMJ dysfunction?

What is TMJ dysfunction?

TMJ dysfunctions are conditions affecting your jaw joints and surrounding muscles and ligaments. These conditions can cause several issues, including jaw pain, headaches and difficulty opening and closing your mouth.

Between 5% and 12% of the general adult population have some form of TMJ disorder. The condition is twice as common in women than in men .People between the ages of 20 and 40 are most likely to develop TMD.

Types of TMD (temporomandibular joint dysfunction)

Healthcare providers classify TMDs into three categories

Symptoms And Causes

TMJ symptoms vary widely and may include

What is TMJ dysfunction?
What is TMJ dysfunction?

TMJ causes may include

What are the complications of TMJ dysfunction?

TMJ dysfunction can contribute to a range of complications, including chronic pain, limited chewing function and bruxism-related wear and tear.

Some factors can overlap, and it may be difficult to identify the exact cause. In some cases, it can take a while to find a treatment that works well for you.

Management & Treatment

How Do Healthcare Providers Treat TMJ Dysfunction?

The TMJ treatment that’s right for you depends on several factors, including the underlying cause and the severity of your pain. Providers usually try noninvasive options first, like medications or nonsurgical treatments. If your symptoms don’t improve, you might need jaw surgery.

Nonsurgical treatment options include

Nonsurgical treatment options include

Surgical treatment options include

If medications and nonsurgical therapies don’t work, you might need surgery. Types of TMJ surgery include: